Cultural Resilience of Rural and Remote Ojibwe Families

  • Whitbeck, Leslie B (PI)

Project: Research project

Project Details


DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This application responds to announcement
PA-00-082, Research on Mental Disorders in Rural and Frontier Populations. It
seeks five years of funding for a longitudinal diagnostic study of 350 Ojibwe
children aged ten through twelve years (4th - 6th grades) and their parents who
live on two rural American Indian reservations in northern Minnesota and
Wisconsin and three more remote, less economically developed Canadian reserves.
This application draws from more than six years of work with Ojibwe Bands in
the upper Midwest through NIDA funded basic (DA 13580) and prevention (DA
10049) research programs. The purpose of the proposed research is to identify
precursors of mental disorder and problematic externalizing and internalizing
symptoms and to evaluate specific cultural risks and protective factors
identified in previous research. A promising model will be investigated that
proposes that cultural protective factors (e.g., traditional practices,
traditional spirituality, and Ojibwe identity) operate over and above other
resiliency factors for Ojibwe children. In addition, specific cultural risks
(e.g., discrimination and negative life events associated with reservation
life) function to increase risk to this population even when other risk factors
are considered. Risks and protective factors will be evaluated in terms of
remote location (e.g., the Canadian reserves) vs. the more assimilated and
economically; developed U.S. reservations. Using computer assisted personal
interviewing, the children will be screened (DISC 4.0) for Conduct Disorder,
Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder,
Substance Abuse Disorder, Major Depression, and Generalized Anxiety Disorder.
Both child and parent reports will be used for both diagnostic and symptom
reports. Parents will be screened for mental disorder (Substance Abuse
Disorder, Antisocial Personality Disorder, Major Depression, and Generalized
Anxiety Disorder) at year 1. In addition, to examining a model of cultural risk
and protective factors, we will also investigate formal and informal help
seeking among Ojibwe people in rural and remote communities. This application
is extremely cost effective in that if funded it will extend an ongoing NIDA
funded longitudinal diagnostic study (DA 13580) of 450 Ojibwe families for a
total of 800 American Indian and First Nation families on six reservations and
three remote Canadian reserves. It will allow more sophisticated investigation
of cultural effects by increasing both the size and diversity of the sample and
add new dimensions (e.g. variance in traditional knowledge and service
utilization) to the study.
Effective start/end date7/1/023/31/13


  • National Institutes of Health: $672,295.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $118,208.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $631,563.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $650,870.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $634,427.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $671,355.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $568,496.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $657,553.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $639,924.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $608,702.00


  • Medicine(all)


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