α-Amino bisphosphonate triazoles serve as GGDPS inhibitors

Nathaniel R. Gehrke, Dan Feng, M. Ayub Ali, Mona A. Maalouf, Sarah A. Holstein, David F. Wiemer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Depletion of cellular levels of geranylgeranyl diphosphate by inhibition of the enzyme geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthase (GGDPS) is a potential strategy for disruption of protein transport by limiting the geranylgeranylation of the Rab proteins that regulate intracellular trafficking. As such, there is interest in the development of GGDPS inhibitors for the treatment of malignancies characterized by abnormal protein production, including multiple myeloma. Our previous work has explored the structure-function relationship of a series of isoprenoid triazole bisphosphonate-based GGDPS inhibitors, with modifications having impact on enzymatic, cellular and in vivo activities. We have synthesized a new series of α-amino bisphosphonates to understand the impact of modifying the alpha position with a moiety that is potentially linkable to other agents. Bioassays evaluating the enzymatic and cellular activities of these compounds demonstrate that incorporation of the α-amino group affords compounds with GGDPS inhibitory activity which is modulated by isoprenoid tail chain length and olefin stereochemistry. These studies provide further insight into the complexity of the structure-function relationship and will enable future efforts focused on tumor-specific drug delivery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number129659
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Volume102
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2024

Keywords

  • GGDP synthase
  • inhibition
  • isoprenoid biosynthesis
  • triazole, amino bisphosphonates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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