11q22.3 deletion in B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia is specifically associated with bulky lymphadenopathy and ZAP-70 expression but not reduced expression of adhesion/cell surface receptor molecules

John D. Dickinson, Jamie Gilmore, Javeed Iqbal, Warren Sanger, James C. Lynch, John Chan, Philip J. Bierman, Shantaram S. Joshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

The presence of chromosome abnormalities promotes tumor progression in B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). However, the molecular pathways that are relevant to tumor progression remain unclear. In this study, we screened for common chromosome abnormalities [13q14 del, 11q22.3 (ATM) del, 17p13 (p53) del and trisomy 12] by fluorescent in situ hybridization in 40 B-CLL patients. Each of the four chromosome abnormality groups was compared to several clinical factors related to lymphocyte behaviour in CLL. The 11q22.3 (ATM) deletion group was significantly associated with the presence of bulky abdominal/ mediastinal lymphadenopathy (P=0.014). We hypothesized that this phenotype would be associated with an altered transcription pattern of genes. Class comparison analysis by significance analysis of microarrays on a subset of CLL samples (n =14) indicated that a number of cell surface receptor and adhesion related genes were under-expressed in the 11q22.3 deletion group (CD44, CD11a, PTPRC, CD79a, chemokine ligand 17 and chemokine receptor type 6). The presence of additional prognostic factors, such as CD38 and immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region mutational status, may also influence the transcriptional pathways between the two groups. Therefore, we employed a novel analysis technique for the correlation of log 2 gene expression ratios with the percentage of each tumor that carried the 11q22.3 deletion. Using Spearman's correlation, ZAP-70, chemokine ligand 17, BSAP (PAX5), CD7, LAG3 and PTPR6 were significantly correlated with the percentage of cells with the 11q22.3 deletion. However, the down-regulation of cell surface receptors and adhesion molecules observed by class comparison could not be confirmed to be specific for the 11q22.3 deletion by this method.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)231-244
Number of pages14
JournalLeukemia and Lymphoma
Volume47
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2006

Keywords

  • CLL
  • Chromosome abnormalities
  • Correlation analysis
  • Gene expression array
  • ZAP-70

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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