2019 Update of the American College of Rheumatology Recommended Rheumatoid Arthritis Disease Activity Measures

Bryant R. England, Benedict K. Tiong, Martin J. Bergman, Jeffrey R. Curtis, Salahuddin Kazi, Ted R. Mikuls, James R. O'Dell, Veena K. Ranganath, Alex Limanni, Lisa G. Suter, Kaleb Michaud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To provide updated American College of Rheumatology (ACR) recommendations on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) disease activity measurements to facilitate a treat-to-target approach in routine clinical care. Methods: A working group conducted a systematic literature review from the time of the prior ACR recommendations literature search. Properties of disease activity measures were abstracted, and study quality was assessed using the Consensus-Based Standards for the selection of Health Measurement Instruments 4-point scoring method, allowing for overall level of evidence assessment. Measures that fulfilled a minimum standard were identified, and through a modified Delphi process preferred measures were selected for regular use in most clinic settings. Results: The search identified 5,199 articles, of which 110 were included in the review. This search identified 46 RA disease activity measures that contained patient, provider, laboratory, and/or imaging data. Descriptions of the measures, properties, study quality, level of evidence, and feasibility were abstracted and scored. Following a modified Delphi process, 11 measures fulfilled a minimum standard for regular use in most clinic settings, and 5 measures were recommended: the Disease Activity Score in 28 Joints with Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate or C-Reactive Protein Level, Clinical Disease Activity Index, Simplified Disease Activity Index, Routine Assessment of Patient Index Data 3, and Patient Activity Scale-II. Conclusion: We have updated prior ACR recommendations for preferred RA disease activity measures, identifying 11 measures that met a minimum standard for regular use and 5 measures that were preferred for regular use in most clinic settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1540-1555
Number of pages16
JournalArthritis Care and Research
Volume71
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology

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