3D printed materials for combating antimicrobial resistance

Mert Tunca Doganay, Cyril John Chelliah, Abdullah Tozluyurt, Andrea M. Hujer, Stephen K. Obaro, Umut Gurkan, Robin Patel, Robert A. Bonomo, Mohamed Draz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Three-dimensional (3D) printing is a rapidly growing technology with a significant capacity for translational applications in both biology and medicine. 3D-printed living and non-living materials are being widely tested as a potential replacement for conventional solutions for testing and combating antimicrobial resistance (AMR). The precise control of cells and their microenvironment, while simulating the complexity and dynamics of an in vivo environment, provides an excellent opportunity to advance the modeling and treatment of challenging infections and other health conditions. 3D-printing models the complicated niches of microbes and host-pathogen interactions, and most importantly, how microbes develop resistance to antibiotics. In addition, 3D-printed materials can be applied to testing and delivering antibiotics. Here, we provide an overview of 3D printed materials and biosystems and their biomedical applications, focusing on ever increasing AMR. Recent applications of 3D printing to alleviate the impact of AMR, including developed bioprinted systems, targeted bacterial infections, and tested antibiotics are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)371-398
Number of pages28
JournalMaterials Today
StatePublished - Jul 1 2023


  • 3D printing
  • Antibiotic
  • Antibiotic delivery
  • Antibiotic testing
  • Antimicrobial resistance
  • Bacteria
  • Bioprinting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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