3q26.2/MECOM Rearrangements by Pericentric Inv(3): Diagnostic Challenges and Clinicopathologic Features

Zhenya Tang, Wei Wang, Su Yang, Hanadi El Achi, Hong Fang, Karen Amelia Nahmod, Gokce A. Toruner, Jie Xu, Beenu Thakral, Edward Ayoub, Ghayas C. Issa, C. Cameron Yin, M. James You, Roberto N. Miranda, Joseph D. Khoury, L. Jeffrey Medeiros, Guilin Tang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

MECOM rearrangement (MECOM-R) resulting from 3q26.2 aberrations is often associated with myeloid neoplasms and inferior prognosis in affected patients. Uncommonly, certain 3q26.2/MECOM-R can be subtle/cryptic and consequently overlooked by karyotyping. We identified 17 acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients (male/female: 13/4 with a median age of 67 years, range 42 to 85 years) with a pericentric inv(3) leading to MECOM-R, with breakpoints at 3p23 (n = 11), 3p25 (n = 3), 3p21 (n = 2) and 3p13 (n = 1) on 3p and 3q26.2 on 3q. These pericentric inv(3)s were overlooked by karyotyping initially in 16 of 17 cases and later detected by metaphase FISH analysis. Similar to the patients with classic/paracentric inv(3)(q21q26.2), patients with pericentric inv(3) exhibited frequent cytopenia, morphological dysplasia (especially megakaryocytes), −7/del(7q), frequent NRAS (n = 6), RUNX1 (n = 5) and FLT-3 (n = 4) mutations and dismal outcomes (median overall survival: 14 months). However, patients with pericentric inv(3) more frequently had AML with thrombocytopenia (n = 15, 88%), relative monocytosis in peripheral blood (n = 15, 88%), decreased megakaryocytes (n = 11, 65%), and lower SF3B1 mutation. We conclude that AML with pericentric inv(3) shares some similarities with AML associated with classic/paracentric inv(3)/GATA2::MECOM but also shows certain unique features. Pericentric inv(3)s are often subtle/cryptic by chromosomal analysis. A reflex FISH analysis for MECOM-R is recommended in myeloid neoplasms showing −7/del(7q).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number458
JournalCancers
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • MECOM rearrangement
  • immunophenotype
  • mutation profile
  • pericentric inversion
  • −7/7q-

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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