8-Arylguanine adducts from arenediazonium ions and DNA

Peter M. Gannett, Terence Lawson, M. Miller, D. D. Thakkar, J. W. Lord, W. M. Yau, B. Toth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Arenediazonium ions (ArN2+) are genotoxic though the source of their genotoxicity is unknown. The present studies were undertaken to determine if reductive decomposition of ArN2+ to aryl radicals (Ar .) in the presence of calf thymus DNA (ctDNA) or in cells results in the formation of DNA adducts. We found that when arenediazonium ions of the general structure p-X-ArN2+ (X = CH3, CH2OCH3, CH2OH) are allowed to react with ctDNA or incubated with cells under conditions that produce p-X-Ar ., DNA adducts are formed with guanine. The structure of the adduct is the C8-substitution product derived from guanine and p-X-Ar .. Formation of p-X-Ar . was determined by ESR spin-trapping with 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline N-oxide (DMPO). The extent of C8-arylguanine adduction was measured by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis of the DNA hydrosylate and comparison with authentic synthetic standards. The C8-arylguanine adducts observed to form may be important in regard to the genotoxicity of ArN2+, though other DNA adducts such as the N6-triazene of adenine or C8-aryladenine adducts can form. Finally, though the formation of C8-arylguanine adducts from arenediazonium ions has been proposed, this is the first report demonstrating their formation in DNA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)149-164
Number of pages16
JournalChemico-Biological Interactions
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 14 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • C-arylguanine adducts
  • DMPO spin adduct
  • ESR
  • arenediazonium ion
  • aryl radicals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology


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