A 370,000-year record of vegetation and fire history around Lake Titicaca (Bolivia/Peru)

Jennifer A. Hanselman, Mark B. Bush, William D. Gosling, Aaron Collins, Christopher Knox, Paul A. Baker, Sheri C. Fritz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fossil pollen and charcoal analyses of sediments from Lake Titicaca, Peru/Bolivia, provide a record of palaeoclimatic variation spanning four full glacial cycles. Pollen, aquatic microfossils, and charcoal, as well as previously published data including diatom assemblages, carbonate content, and stable carbon isotopic ratios of organic carbon, indicate that interglacials were warm and dry whereas the peaks of glacials were cold and wet. Each of the interglacials documented in the record are somewhat different, with those of MIS 5e and MIS 9 inducing lower lake levels and a drier vegetation signature than those of MIS 7 and 1. The presence of charcoal particles in sediments deposited during previous interglacials provides evidence of the long-term role of fire in shaping Andean ecosystems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)201-214
Number of pages14
JournalPalaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology
Volume305
Issue number1-4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2011

Keywords

  • Andes
  • Climate change
  • Fire
  • Fossil charcoal
  • Fossil pollen
  • Interglacial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Palaeontology

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