A new synthetic approach to enantiomeric ally pure hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acids (HPETEs) is described in which the tetraene skeleton is assembled through chemoselective olefination of a protected hydroperoxy aldehyde. Soybean lipoxygenase-mediated dioxygenation of both natural and unnatural fats produces hydroperoxy dienes in high enantiomeric excess; the observed regioselectivity supports a revised hypothesis for substrate specificity. Protection of the diene hydroperoxides as peroxy ketals is followed by regioselective ozonolysis to afford enantiomerically pure 4-peroxy 2,3-enals which undergo olefination to produce peroxytetraenoates. Removal of the monoperoxy ketal and the methyl ester affords enantiomerically pure HPETEs. The generality of the strategy is illustrated with the first chemical synthesis of 5(S)-HPETE.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry