A combination of Omega-3 PUFAs and COX inhibitors: A novel strategy to manage obesity-linked dyslipidemia and adipose tissue inflammation

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

We previously reported that fish oil in combination with cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors exerts enhanced hypolipidemic and anti-inflammatory effects in mice. Here, we sought to determine the effects of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFAs) in combination with naproxen (NX), a COX inhibitor, on dyslipidemia and gene expression in adipose tissue (AT) in humans. Obese dyslipidemic patients were randomly assigned to one of these interventions for 12 wk: 1) Standard nutrition counseling (control), 2) ω-3 PUFAs (2 g twice daily), 3) NX (220 mg twice daily), and 4) ω-3 PUFAs (2 g twice daily) + NX (220 mg twice daily). The serum triglycerides showed a trend towards a reduction and a significant reduction (P<0.05) in ω-3 and ω3 + NX-treated subjects, respectively, compared to control. The mRNA expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (Vcam1), an inflammatory marker, increased significantly in AT of ω-3 PUFA-treated subjects but not in ω-3 PUFAs+NX-treated group. The plasma level of glycine-conjugated hyodeoxycholic acid, a secondary bile acid with hypolipidemic property, increased significantly in ω-3 PUFAs + NX-treated group. Our data suggest that combining NX with ω-3 PUFAs increases their effectiveness in reducing serum TG and favorably altering AT gene expression and plasma bile acid profile.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number107494
JournalJournal of Diabetes and Its Complications
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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