Background-The survival difference between off-pump and on-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery for follow-up longer than 5 years is not well-understood. The objective of this study is to examine the difference in 7-year mortality after these 2 procedures. Methods and Results-The state of New York's Cardiac Surgery Reporting System was used to identify the 2640 off-pump and 5940 on-pump patients discharged from July through December 2000. The National Death Index was used to ascertain patients' vital statuses through 2007. A logistic regression model was fit to predict the probability of receiving an off-pump procedure using baseline patient characteristics. Off-pump and on-pump patients were matched with a 1:1 ratio based on the probability of receiving an off-pump procedure. Kaplan-Meier survival curves for the 2 procedures were compared using the propensity-matched data, and the hazard ratio for death for off-pump in comparison with on-pump procedures was obtained. In subgroup analyses, the significance of interactions between type of surgery and baseline risk factors was tested. In this study, 2631 pairs of off-pump and on-pump patients were propensity matched. The 7-year Kaplan-Meier survival rates were 71.2% and 73.4% (P<0.07) for off-pump and on-pump surgery, respectively. The hazard ratio for death (off-pump versus on-pump) was 1.10 (95% confidence interval: 0.99 to 1.21, P<0.07). No statistical significance was detected for the interaction terms between the type of surgery and a number of different baseline risk factors. Conclusions-The difference in long-Term mortality between on-pump and off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery is not statistically significant.
- Coronary artery disease
- Follow-up studies
- Off-pump surgery
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine