A comparison of medication counseling evaluation tools utilized in colleges of pharmacy to three recognized guidance documents

Jennifer L. Mazan, Vasudha Gupta, Kristen Cook, Courtney L. Bradley, Rashi Chandra Waghel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Introduction: A universal tool to assess proficiency in patient counseling has not been developed. The objectives of this project were to assess current practices in evaluating patient counseling at colleges of pharmacy and compare the results with three nationally recognized reference standards: the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990, the American Pharmacists Association Academy of Student Pharmacists National Patient Counseling Competition Evaluation Form, and the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists Guidelines on Pharmacist Conducted Patient Education and Counseling. Methods: A cover letter and questionnaire were sent to all members of the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy Laboratory Instructors Special Interest Group with an invitation to submit an evaluation tool. Descriptive statistics were used to examine the questionnaire items. An inductive approach was used to analyze the evaluation tools, which was completed independently by two members and then compared to build consensus to establish common content categories. Results: Five major categories emerged with variability in content. More than 75% of tools included an introduction, almost 59% included collecting information, most included drug information (94%) and counseling points (88%), and most included verification of understanding (94%) and communication skills (94%). Conclusion: Although there was variability, most evaluation tools incorporated aspects of all three guidance documents. A limitation of this study was that data may be subject to non-response bias, as the response rate was limited to 17.8%. Future work should focus on creating and validating a standardized evaluation tool to ultimately promote consistency among student pharmacists.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1289-1296
Number of pages8
JournalCurrents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2020


  • Assessment
  • Evaluation tools
  • Patient counseling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacy
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)


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