A Comparison of Sexual Aggression Risk Factors Between the United States and the Philippines

Antover P. Tuliao, Bernice Vania N. Landoy, Alicia K. Klanecky, Dennis E. McChargue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Sexual violence against women is a global problem, prompting the need to investigate the risk factors among males in non-Western, non-industrialized countries. Using the expanded Confluence Model, this study examined and compared risk factors of sexual aggression between male college students in the Philippines and the United States. Using path analysis and multiple group analysis, results indicated that the expanded Confluence Model was generally invariant between countries. Direct paths from hostile attitudes toward women and impersonal sex to sexual aggression were non-significant, but indirect effects from hostile attitudes toward women, alcohol consumption, and impersonal sex to sexual aggression via the frequency of misperceiving a woman’s sexual intent were observed. Additional risk analysis indicated that the number of elevated risk factors were associated with higher self-reports of sexual aggression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1091-1109
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma
Issue number9
StatePublished - Oct 21 2019


  • College students
  • Confluence Model of Sexual Aggression
  • Philippines
  • risk factors
  • sexual aggression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Professions (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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