We have previously utilized the technique of transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasound to determine cerebral perfusion in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). In order to assess if TCD can reliably measure alterations in cerebral perfusion under conditions of normal and low cardiac outputs, we compared TCD measured blood flow velocities in the middle cerebral artery (MCA) of six piglets with radioactive microsphere determinations of total cerebral perfusion at baseline normal sinus rhythm (NSR), during CPR, and following return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). Peak systolic and mean blood flow velocities were compared to the microsphere perfusion results on 15 different occasions; six during NSR, five during CPR, and four following ROSC. Although qualitative alterations in TCD measurements reflected changes in microsphere perfusion, we could not find a statistically significant correlation between either peak systolic or mean MCA blood flow velocities and microsphere perfusion measurements either overall or in any subgroup. The possible reasons which may explain the findings are discussed.
- Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
- Cerebral perfusion
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Emergency Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine