A Comprehensive Review of Mechanical Circulatory Support Devices

Varunsiri Atti, Mahesh Anantha Narayanan, Brijesh Patel, Sudarshan Balla, Aleem Siddique, Scott Lundgren, Poonam Velagapudi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Treatment strategies to combat cardiogenic shock (CS) have remained stagnant over the past decade. Mortality rates among patients who suffer CS after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) remain high at 50%. Mechanical circulatory support (MCS) devices have evolved as novel treatment strategies to restore systemic perfusion to allow cardiac recovery in the short term, or as durable support devices in refractory heart failure in the long term. Haemodynamic parameters derived from right heart catheterization assist in the selection of an appropriate MCS device and escalation of mechanical support where needed. Evidence favouring the use of one MCS device over another is scant. An intra-aortic balloon pump is the most commonly used short-term MCS device, despite providing only modest haemodynamic support. Impella CP® has been increasingly used for CS in recent times and remains an important focus of research for patients with AMI-CS. Among durable devices, Heartmate® 3 is the most widely used in the USA. Adequately powered randomized controlled trials are needed to compare these MCS devices and to guide the operator for their use in CS. This article provides a brief overview of the types of currently available MCS devices and the indications for their use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-48
Number of pages12
JournalHeart International
Volume16
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Cardiogenic shock
  • haemodynamic monitoring
  • mechanical circulatory support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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