A Cross-Lagged Study of Students' Motivation, Academic Achievement, and Relationships With Teachers From Kindergarten to 6th Grade

Marjolein Zee, Kathleen Moritz Rudasill, Rianne J. Bosman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This 3-wave longitudinal study explored the complex ways in which students' motivation (motivational attitudes and beliefs), relationships with teachers (closeness, conflict, and dependency), and academic achievement (reading comprehension and math performance) inform one another from kindergarten through 6th grade. The sample included students (N = 1,267; 49.3% boys) and 207 teachers participating in the Dutch triennial COOL cohort study. At all waves, teachers reported on relationship quality and students' motivational attitudes, and students completed nationally normed reading comprehension and math tests. Students also reported on their motivational beliefs (self-efficacy and task motivation) and levels of closeness with their teachers at Waves 2 and 3. Cross-lagged panel models revealed robust support for 4 transactional models of teacher- and student-reported closeness, and teacher-reported conflict and dependency. These models generally indicated that student-teacher closeness, conflict and dependency, students' motivation, and academic achievement informed each other across the elementary grades.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Educational Psychology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Academic achievement
  • Motivational attitudes and beliefs
  • Student-teacher relationships
  • Transactional models

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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