A cross-sectional examination of physical activity, sedentary time, and sleep between adults with and without children in the home using the national health and nutrition examination survey

Danae Dinkel, Kelsey Lu, Jemima John, Kailey Snyder, Lisette T. Jacobson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Physical activity (PA), sedentary behavior, and sleep are interconnected, promoting optimal health. Few studies have examined these factors holistically. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to capture the 24-hour activity cycles of the US population by examining PA, sedentary behavior, and sleep based on the presence of a child within the home, as well as gender and weight. Methods: Cross-sectional health-related variables from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used for analysis. The primary variables were the total and type of PA (recreation, work, and active transportation), sedentary behavior, and sleep. Chi-square and regression models were applied to compare the outcomes across participants’ characteristics. Results: The adults with children within the home reported less recreational PA, more work activity, less sedentary activity, and less sleep, but no differences in total PA. The females with children in the home not only had the lowest levels of recreational activity and sleep, but also the lowest levels of sedentary behavior. The obese individuals with children in the home had less sedentary time than the adults without children in the home, regardless of weight status. Conclusions: Unhealthy sleep and PA behaviors are prevalent in adults with children living at home, and women are particularly impacted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)391-399
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Activity and Health
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Active transport
  • Exercise
  • Gender
  • NHANES
  • Sedentary behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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