A Dissemination Strategy to Identify Communities Ready to Implement a Pediatric Weight Management Intervention in Medically Underserved Areas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose and Objectives We developed a competitive application process to test the feasibility of a fund and contract dissemination strategy to identify and engage communities that demonstrated the necessary resources and motivation to adopt, implement, and sustain a pediatric weight management intervention, Building Healthy Families, in rural and micropolitan (<50,000 residents) communities in Nebraska. Intervention Approach From April through December 2019, a community advisory board with representation from rural and micropolitan clinical, public health, education, and recreational organizations collaboratively developed a request for applications, as a fund and contract dissemination strategy, to encourage community adoption of Building Healthy Families. Evaluation Methods Quantitative assessments included determining the distribution of requests for applications, evaluating organizational readiness to change assessment (ORCA) ratings (on a scale of 1 to 5, from strongly disagree to strongly agree that the organization is ready to change), and reviewing community advisory board member ratings of applications. We gathered qualitative data from community narratives provided in response to the request for applications and community advisory board reviews of the applications. Results The request for applications was distributed to all 93 counties in Nebraska. Of the 8 communities that submitted a letter of intent, 7 submitted a community narrative. Across the 8 communities, 31 ORCAs were completed by the organizational decision makers (n= 15) and staff members (n = 16) who would be responsible for screening, recruiting, or implementing the intervention. Overall mean ORCA scores varied by ratings of evidence (4.1–4.6), context (4.2–4.9), and facilitation (4.3–4.8), indicating a high degree of readiness. Community advisory board ratings of applications ranged from 2.3 to 3.4 of 4 points. Qualitative data indicated that lower community narrative scores were primarily caused by weak implementation and sustainability plans. Implications for Public Health Findings provide guidance for translating pediatric weight management programs in medically underserved geographic areas by maximizing the probability of successful adoption and implementation through a fund and contract dissemination strategy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalPreventing Chronic Disease
Volume18
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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