A guide for innovation in LGBQ+ youth peer relationships research

V. Paul Poteat, Sarah B. Rosenbach, Rhiannon L. Smith, Jonathan B. Santo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


LGBQ+ youth (youth who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer, or with diverse identities other than straight or heterosexual) contend with unique stressors in the context of their peer relationships. They also access critical support from peers. These circumstances likely influence how LGBQ+ youth navigate and experience their relationships. Nevertheless, research remains limited in its breadth and depth of coverage of LGBQ+ youth's peer relationships. We suggest ways to advance such research within the following areas: (a) identity development in the peer context; (b) identity disclosure and “coming out” to peers; (c) initiating, developing, and maintaining friendships under marginalizing conditions; (d) homophily or diversity in LGBQ+ youth's friendships; (e) visualizing LGBQ+ youth's positions in their peer networks; (f) bias-based harassment, hypervigilance, and rejection sensitivity; and (g) peer action and advocacy. This work could yield richer understandings of how LGBQ+ youth cultivate meaningful, lasting peer relationships and thrive.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101298
JournalJournal of Applied Developmental Psychology
StatePublished - Jul 1 2021


  • Friendship
  • Identity development
  • Intergroup relations
  • Minority stress
  • Peer support
  • Sexual orientation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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