A Hydrogel Ionic Circuit Based High-Intensity Iontophoresis Device for Intraocular Macromolecule and Nanoparticle Delivery

Fan Zhao, Shan Fan, Deepta Ghate, Svetlana Romanova, Tatiana K. Bronich, Siwei Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Iontophoresis is an electrical-current-based, noninvasive drug-delivery technology, which is particularly suitable for intraocular drug delivery. Current ocular iontophoresis devices use low current intensities that significantly limit macromolecule and nanoparticle (NP) delivery efficiency. Increasing current intensity leads to ocular tissue damage. Here, an iontophoresis device based on a hydrogel ionic circuit (HIC), for high-efficiency intraocular macromolecule and NP delivery, is described. The HIC-based device is capable of minimizing Joule heating, effectively buffering electrochemical (EC) reaction-generated pH changes, and absorbing electrode overpotential-induced heating. As a result, the device allows safe application of high current intensities (up to 87 mA cm−2, more than 10 times higher than current ocular iontophoresis devices) to the eye with minimal ocular cell death and tissue damage. The high-intensity iontophoresis significantly enhances macromolecule and NP delivery to both the anterior and posterior segments by up to 300 times compared to the conventional iontophoresis. Therapeutically effective concentrations of bevacizumab and dexamethasone are delivered to target tissue compartments within 10–20 min of iontophoresis application. This study highlights the significant safety enhancement enabled by an HIC-based device design and the potential of the device to deliver therapeutic doses of macromolecule and NP ophthalmic drugs within a clinically relevant time frame.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2107315
JournalAdvanced Materials
Volume34
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 3 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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