A micropapillary pattern is predictive of a poor prognosis in lung adenocarcinoma, and reduced surfactant apoprotein A expression in the micropapillary pattern is an excellent indicator of a poor prognosis

Hideaki Tsutsumida, Mitsuharu Nomoto, Masamichi Goto, Shinichi Kitajima, Ichiro Kubota, Yasunobu Hirotsu, Joeji Wakimoto, Michael A. Hollingsworth, Suguru Yonezawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

82 Scopus citations

Abstract

A micropapillary pattern is defined as papillary tufts without a fibrovascular core and is known to be a factor that indicates a poor prognosis in numerous cancers. However, their role in lung adenocarcinoma has not been investigated widely. In 185 cases of small-size lung adenocarcinoma (≤3 cm), cases with a micropapillary pattern ratio of more than 1% (analyzed by NIH image) were defined as micropapillary pattern positive. Correlations between the micropapillary pattern and clinicopathological factors were investigated and immunohistochemical expression of mucin and various antigens was examined in regions with and without micropapillary patterns. Micropapillary pattern-positive tumors (micropapillary pattern ratio ≥1%) were observed in 11.4% of cases (21/185) and the micropapillary pattern ratio correlated with TNM stage (P=0.0002), lymphatic invasion (P=0.0002) and lymph node metastasis (P=0.03). Disease-free interval (P<0.0002) and survival (P=0.027) were significantly shorter for micropapillary pattern-positive patients, and micropapillary pattern-positive stage IA cases also had a significantly shorter disease-free interval (P<0.0001). MUC1 was expressed strongly across the surface of the micropapillary structure, whereas MUC4 tended to show lower expression in the micropapillary pattern. It was noteworthy that the disease-free interval in patients with high surfactant apoprotein A expression was significantly better than in patients with low surfactant apoprotein A expression (P=0.03), and no recurrence or death occurred in patients with high surfactant apoprotein A expression. Our results show that the micropapillary pattern ratio correlates with lymphatic invasion and lymph node metastasis, and that a high micropapillary pattern ratio leads to a poor prognosis. High MUC1 expression on the surface is an important characteristic of a micropapillary pattern, and reduced surfactant apoprotein A expression in the micropapillary pattern may be an excellent indicator for poor prognosis in small-size lung adenocarcinoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)638-647
Number of pages10
JournalModern Pathology
Volume20
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2007

Keywords

  • Lung cancer
  • MUC1
  • Micropapillary pattern
  • Prognosis
  • Surfactant apoprotein A

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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