Abstract

Background: Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) training is growing across internal medicine graduate medical education, but lack of trained faculty is a barrier to many programs. Interprofessional education (IPE) may offer a solution but must overcome potential biases of trainees. Aim: To evaluate the impact of an interprofessional POCUS training on residents’ attitudes towards interprofessional learning and stereotypes. Setting: Midwestern health sciences university. Participants: Diagnostic medical sonography (DMS) students (n = 13) served as teachers for first-year internal medicine residents (IMR) (n = 49). Program Description: DMS students participated in a train-the-trainer session to learn teaching strategies via case-based simulation, then coached IMR to acquire images of the kidneys, bladder, and aorta on live models. Program Evaluation: Mixed-methods evaluation, including pre-/post-surveys and focus group interviews. The survey response rate was 100% (49/49 IMR). Composite survey scores evaluating residents’ attitudes towards IPE and stereotyping of sonographers improved significantly following the intervention. Qualitative analysis of focus group interviews yielded four themes: enhanced respect for other disciplines, implications for future practice, increased confidence of DMS students, and interest in future IPE opportunities. Discussion: Interprofessional POCUS education can improve residents’ perceptions towards IPE, increase their level of respect for sonographers, and motivate interest in future interprofessional collaboration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3081-3086
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of general internal medicine
Volume35
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020

Keywords

  • interprofessional education
  • medical education
  • point-of-care ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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