A mutation at the interface between domains causes rearrangement of domains in 3-isopropylmalate dehydrogenase

Chunxu Qu, Satoshi Akanuma, Hideaki Moriyama, Nobuo Tanaka, Tairo Oshima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

The structure of a thermostable Ala172Leu mutant, designated A172L, of 3-isopropylmalate dehydrogenase from Thermus thermophilus was determined. The crystal belongs to space group P21, with cell parameters a = 55.5 Å, b = 88.1 Å, c = 72.0 Å and β = 100.9°. There is one dimer in each asymmetric unit. The final R factor is 17.8% with 69 water molecules at 2.35 Å resolution. The mutation is located at the interface between domains and the Cα trace of the mutant structure deviates from that of the native structure by as much as 1.7 A, while the structure of each domain barely changes. The mutant enzyme has a more closed conformation compared with the wild-type enzyme as a result of the replacement of Ala with Leu at residue 172. These structural variations were found independent of the crystal packing, because the structure of wild type was the same in crystal obtained in different precipitants. The hinge regions for the movement of domains are located around the active cleft of the enzyme, an observation that implies that the mobility of domains around the hinge is indispensable for the activity of the enzyme. The larger side chain at the mutated site contributed to the thermostability of the mutant protein by enhancing the local packing of side chains, and also by shifting the backbone of the opposing domain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-52
Number of pages8
JournalProtein Engineering
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

Keywords

  • 3-isopropylmalate dehydrogenase
  • Closed conformation
  • Domain hinge-motion
  • Domain interface mutation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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