KCNA10 is a voltage gated potassium channel that is expressed in the inner ear. The localization and function of KCNA10 was studied in a mutant mouse, B6-Kcna10TM45, in which the single protein coding exon of Kcna10 was replaced with a beta-galactosidase reporter cassette. Under the regulatory control of the endogenous Kcna10 promoter and enhancers, beta-galactosidase was expressed in hair cells of the vestibular organs and the organ of Corti. KCNA10 expression develops in opposite tonotopic gradients in the inner and outer hair cells. Kcna10TM45 homozygotes display only a mild elevation in pure tone hearing thresholds as measured by auditory brainstem response (ABR), while heterozygotes are normal. However, Kcna10TM45 homozygotes have absent vestibular evoked potentials (VsEPs) or elevated VsEP thresholds with prolonged peak latencies, indicating significant vestibular dysfunction despite the lack of any overt imbalance behaviors. Our results suggest that Kcna10 is expressed primarily in hair cells of the inner ear, with little evidence of expression in other organs. The Kcna10TM45 targeted allele may be a model of human nonsyndromic vestibulopathy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems