In humans, aromatic and heterocyclic amine carcinogens may be acetylated by the expression products of either of the N-acetyltransferase genes, NAT1 or NAT2. This conjugation reaction can result in either activation or detoxication of these carcinogens depending on the tissue involved. Recent studies suggest that polymorphisms in NAT1 or NAT2 may modulate cancer risk. To determine if genetic differences in NAT1 and NAT2 could alter risk of gastric cancer, we tested for the presence of polymorphic N-acetyltransferase alleles (both NAT1 and NAT2) in a preliminary study of 94 gastric adenocarcinoma patients and 112 control subjects from North Staffordshire, England. We used established PCR protocols to genotype for NAT2 and NAT1 alleles (NAT2*4, NAT2*5, NAT2*6, NAT2*7, NAT2*14; NAT1*3, NAT1*4, NAT1*10, and NAT1*11), and implemented an oligonucleotide ligation assay (OLA) to test for low-activity NAT1 alleles [NAT1*14 (G560A), NAT1*15 (C559T), and NAT1*17 (C190T)]. No significant increased risk was observed for NAT2 acetylation genotypes. However, among all cases, we found that individuals inheriting a variant NAT1 allele, NAT1*10, have a significantly elevated risk for gastric cancer (OR = 2.2, 95% CI 1.2-3.9, P < 0.01). Interestingly, the risk observed for NAT1*10 appears to be solely associated with advanced-stage tumors (OR = 4.8, P < 0.001), suggesting a possible role in progression to advanced disease. This preliminary finding needs confirmation in a larger, detailed epidemiological study.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||International Journal of Cancer|
|State||Published - 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research