A portable visual biofeedback device can accurately measure and improve hip extension angle in individuals post-stroke

Erica H. Hinton, Russell Buffum, Nick Stergiou, David Kingston, Samuel Bierner, Brian A. Knarr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Visual biofeedback has shown success in improving gait mechanics in individuals post-stroke but has typically been restricted to use on a treadmill or a short walkway. Using real-time visual biofeedback during overground walking could increase the ease of clinical translation of this method. The objective was to investigate the reliability of a real-time hip extension feedback device during unconstrained, overground walking. We hypothesized that the peak hip extension angle outcome of our device would be comparable to peak hip extension angle measured from a common motion capture system. In addition, we hypothesized that individuals post-stroke would increase their hip extension angle after a single walking bout with visual biofeedback of their hip extension angle. Methods: Fourteen individuals with chronic stroke walked for one six-minute walking bout with the visual biofeedback device. Before (pre-training) and after (post-training) the feedback walking bout, participants walked in a straight line at their self-selected speed for at least five steps per foot. Findings: Our device was reliable in measuring peak hip extension angle when compared to 3D motion capture equipment (R2 = 0.99). Individuals increased their hip extension angle after one session with the visual biofeedback (+2.886 ± 2.189 deg) compared to a control walking bout (+1.550 ± 1.629 deg) (Z = −2.103, p = 0.035). Interpretation: Our novel and inexpensive biofeedback method may provide benefit for individuals post-stroke and expand the possibilities for feedback in rehabilitation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number105967
JournalClinical Biomechanics
StatePublished - May 2023


  • Hemiparesis
  • Hip extension angle
  • Overground walking
  • Real-time visual biofeedback

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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