A large-scale prospective study was conducted in 3810 Japanese elderly (≥65 years old) patients with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who had been treated with sustained-release theophylline tablets (THEODUR®) at a dose of 400 mg/day for 1-6 months, in principle. Among 3798 protocol-complying patients (mean age: 73.8±0.10 years, 1997 with COPD), 261 theophylline-related adverse events were observed in 179 (4.71%) patients. The 5 most frequently observed adverse events were "nausea" (40 episodes, 1.05%), "loss of appetite" (22 episodes, 0.56%), "hyperuricemia" (16 episodes, 0.42%), "palpitation" (15 episodes, 0.39%), and "increased alkaline phosphatase" (11 episodes, 0.28%). No convulsions were reported. Six patients had serious adverse events. The incidence of theophylline-related adverse events was higher in patients with hepatic disease (odds ratio: 1:1.81) and in patients with arrhythmia (odds ratio: 1:1.88). Blood drug concentration measurements in 736 patients indicated that the drug levels were ≤15 μg/ml in 641 patients (87.1%), and no correlation was noted between dose and theophylline-related adverse events. These results suggest that sustained-release theophylline can be used safely in elderly patients with asthma or COPD.
- Adverse event
- Bronchial asthma
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
- Japanese elderly
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine