A psychosocial model of distress over time in early HIV-1 infection: The role of life stressors, social support and coping

Nancy T. Blaney, Karl Goodkin, Daniel Feaster, Robert Morgan, Carrie Millon, Jose Szapocznik, Carl Eisdorfer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study tested whether a psychosocial model-consisting of life event Stressors, social support and coping strategy-was associated with distress over time in 40 homosexual men with asymptomatic HIV-1 infection. With prior distress controlled, changes in distress were associated with changes in negatively rated life events and social support (replicating our cross-sectional findings) and with coping strategy (disengagenjent/denial, venting emotions and religion). Stringent tests that ruled out spurious moderator effects yielded significant stress moderator interactions for social support and active coping, as well as evidence for nonlinear relationships for both main effects and interactions. These findings confirm that the psychosocial model is associated with distress over time during asymptomatic HIV-1 infection. The model thus provides a framework for screening to identify patients who would benefit from clinical interventions while simultaneously identifying the areas most needing intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)633-653
Number of pages21
JournalPsychology and Health
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

Keywords

  • Coping
  • Emotional distress
  • HIV-1 infection
  • Life event stressors
  • Social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A psychosocial model of distress over time in early HIV-1 infection: The role of life stressors, social support and coping'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this