A review of environmental enrichment as treatment for problem behavior maintained by automatic reinforcement

Holly C. Gover, Tara A. Fahmie, Ciobha A. McKeown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

We reviewed studies that used environmental enrichment as treatment for problem behavior maintained by automatic reinforcement. A search of behavior analytic journals produced 71 publications with a total of 265 applications of environmental enrichment used alone or in conjunction with alternative behavior manipulations (e.g., prompting, reinforcement) and problem behavior manipulations (e.g., blocking, restraint). Environmental enrichment, as a sole intervention, was efficacious in 41% of the sample. Alternative behavior manipulations, problem behavior manipulations, and a combination of both improved the overall efficacy of environmental enrichment. We discuss factors that may influence the efficacy of environmental enrichment, current trends in research on this topic, and implications for both practitioners and researchers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)299-314
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of applied behavior analysis
Volume52
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • automatic reinforcement
  • environmental enrichment
  • noncontingent reinforcement
  • self-injurious behavior
  • stereotypy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy
  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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