Indole is an endogenous substance currently being evaluated as a biomarker for ulcerative colitis, irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn’s disease and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. A novel, selective, and sensitive method using liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was developed for quantitation of indole concentrations in mouse plasma and tissues. Samples were prepared by protein precipitation using ice-cold acetonitrile (ACN) followed by injecting the extracted analyte to LC-MS/MS system. Indole was separated using Synergi Fusion C18 (4 µm, 250 × 2.0 mm) column with mobile phase 0.1% aqueous formic acid (A) and methanol (B) using gradient flow with run time 12 min. The mass spectrometer was operated in atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI) positive mode at unit resolution in multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode, using precursor ion > product ion combinations of 118.1 > 91.1 m/z for indole and 124.15 > 96.1 m/z for internal standard (IS) indole d7. The MS/MS response was linear over the range of indole concentrations (1–500 ng/mL). The validated method was applied for quantitation of indole concentrations range in mouse lungs (4.3–69.4 ng/g), serum (0.8–38.7 ng/mL) and cecum (1043.8–12,124.4 ng/g). This method would help investigate the role of indole as a biomarker and understand its implications in different disease states.
- indole biodistribution
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Molecular Biology