A single amino acid substitution can restore the solubility of aggregated colicin a mutants in escherichia coli

Jacques Izard, Michael W. Parker, Martlne Chartier, Denis Duchè, Daniel Baty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mutants of colicin A have been prepared in which the three tryptophan residues (Trp86, Trpl30 and Trpl40), localized in the C-terminal domain of the soluble wild-type protein, have been substituted by phenylalanine. The Trpl40Phe single mutation had the effect of decreasing the percentage of protein that is expressed as insoluble aggregates. The created hydrophobic cavity decreased the stability of the protein during its folding, resulting in partial aggregation in the cytoplasm of the Escherichia coli-producing cells. Aggregation was increased when Trpl40 was substituted by Lys, Leu or Cys, or if the Trpl40 mutation was combined with the Trp86Phe and/or Trpl30Phe mutations. A single mutation, Lysll3Phe, however, was able to restore the solubility of the aggregated mutants in vivo. Detailed analysis of the 3-D structure of the C-terminal domain of colicin A suggests that filling of the hydrophobic cavity is responsible for this effect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1495-1500
Number of pages6
JournalProtein Engineering, Design and Selection
Volume7
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1994

Keywords

  • Aggregation
  • Hydrophobic cavity
  • Inclusion body
  • Protein engineering
  • Protein stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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