Intestinal samples from 91 turkey flocks between 1 day and 5 weeks of age were examined for enteric viruses using electron microscopy and electropherotyping. These flocks originated from eight operations in six states. Individual flocks were sampled only once. At the time of sampling, 31 flocks were considered normal/healthy and 60 were considered to have enteric disease. The most frequently identified viruses from diseased flocks were astroviruses (78%) and rotavirus-like viruses (RVLVs) (67%). Far less frequent were rotaviruses (22%), atypical rotaviruses (12%), enteroviruses (5%), and reoviruses (2%). Only 10% of the samples from diseased flocks were negative, but 48% of the samples from normal/healthy flocks were negative. Astroviruses and RVLVs were far less frequent in normal/healthy flocks than in diseased flocks, but rotaviruses were identified slightly more often. No viruses were detected from flocks sampled within the first few days of life. Astrovirus infections seemed to occur at an earlier age than other virus infections. Seldom was only one type of virus identified. Astrovirus + RVLV was the most frequently identified combination in diseased flocks.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Animals
- Animal Science and Zoology
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)