Background: The recurrence rates and predictors of recurrence in patients with Solid Pseudopapillary tumors (SPT) are unclear, which makes it challenging to determine the duration of follow-up. The aim of the current study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the recurrence rates and pathologic factors associated with recurrence in patients with SPT. Methods: A PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science search was conducted to identify studies of SPT published during the last 15 years: (09/2002–09/2017). Studies reporting on patients with SPT and follow-up of >5 years were included. The search strategy was conducted per 2009 PRISMA guidelines. Results: A total of 103 studies reporting on 2599 non-metastatic SPT patients were identified. Sixty-nine patients (2.6%) developed recurrence during follow-up. Pooled estimates from studies with a sample size >20 (N = 33) noted an overall recurrence rate of 2% (95% CI 1–2%). Male gender (OR 1.960), positive lymph nodes (OR 11.9), R1 margins (OR 11.1), and LVI (OR 5.5), were associated with a significantly (all p < 0.05) increased risk of recurrence. Conclusion: Current meta-analysis suggests that only 2% of patients with SPT experience recurrence after resection. These data will guide the treating physicians and patients regarding recurrence rates and help identify patients at increased risk of recurrence during follow-up.
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