Abnormalities in carbohydrate and lipid metabolisms in high-fructose dietfed insulin-resistant rats: Amelioration by Catharanthus roseus treatments

Karuna Rasineni, Ramesh Bellamkonda, Sreenivasa Reddy Singareddy, Saralakumari Desireddy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

High intake of dietary fructose has been shown to exert a number of adverse metabolic effects in humans and experimental animals. The present study was proposed to elucidate the effect of Catharanthus roseus (C. roseus) leaf powder treatment on alterations in carbohydrate and lipid metabolisms in rats fed with high-fructose diet. Male Wistar rats of body weight around 180 g were divided into four groups, two of these groups (groups C and C+CR) were fed with standard pellet diet and the other two groups (groups F and F+CR) were fed with highfructose (66 %) diet. C. roseus leaf powder suspension in water (100 mg/kg body weight/day) was administered orally to group C+CR and group F+CR. At the end of a 60-day experimental period, biochemical parameters related to carbohydrate and lipid metabolisms were assayed. C. roseus treatment completely prevented the fructose-induced increased body weight, hyperglycemia, and hypertriglyceridemia. Hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance observed in group F was significantly decreased with C. roseus treatment in group F+CR. The alterations observed in the activities of enzymes of carbohydrate and lipid metabolisms and contents of hepatic tissue lipids in group F rats were significantly restored to near normal values by C. roseus treatment in group F+CR. In conclusion, our study demonstrates that C. roseus treatment is effective in preventing fructose-induced insulin resistance and hypertriglyceridemia while attenuating the fructoseinduced alterations in carbohydrate and lipid metabolisms. This study suggests that the plant can be used as an adjuvant for the prevention and/or management of insulin resistance and disorders related to it.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)459-466
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physiology and Biochemistry
Volume69
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Catharanthus roseus
  • Fructose-induced insulin resistance
  • High-fructose diet
  • Hypertriglyceridemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Biochemistry

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