The goal of this study was to determine whether endothelium-dependent responses of the microcirculation are altered during cardiomyopathy. We examined in vivo responses of cheek pouch arterioles to an endothelium-dependent agonist (acetylcholine) and an endothelium-independent agonist (nitroglycerin) in normal and in cardiomyopathic hamsters. In normal hamsters, acetylcholine produced dose-related dilatation of arterioles. In contrast, acetylcholine produced constriction of arterioles in cardiomyopathic hamsters. Nitroglycerin produced similar dose-related dilatation in normal and cardiomyopathic hamsters. We also examined whether impaired responses to acetylcholine in cardiomyopathic hamsters were related to an alteration in the L-arginine/nitric oxide pathway. We found that L-arginine (100 μM) restored endotheliumdependent vasodilatation to acetylcholine in cardiomyopathic hamsters. Thus, cardiomyopathy impairs endothelium-dependent responses of the microcirculation which is reversed by L-arginine.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - May 15 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology