Introduction: Acute right ventricular myocardial infarction (RVMI) is observed in 30–50% of patients presenting with inferior wall myocardial infarction (MI) and, occasionally, with anterior wall MI. The clinical consequences vary from no hemodynamic compromise to severe hypotension and cardiogenic shock depending on the extent of RV ischemia. Areas covered: The pathophysiological mechanisms, diagnostic steps, and novel therapeutic approaches of acute RVMI are described. Expert commentary: Diagnosis of acute RVMI is based on physical examination, cardiac biomarkers, electrocardiography, and coronary angiography, whereas noninvasive imaging modalities (echocardiography, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging) play a complementary role. Early revascularization, percutaneous or pharmacological, represents key step in the management of RMVI. Maintenance of reasonable heart rate and atrioventricular synchrony is essential to sustain adequate cardiac output in these patients. When conventional treatment is not successful, mechanical circulatory support, including right ventricle assist devices, percutaneous cardiopulmonary support, and intra-aortic balloon pump, might be considered. The prognosis associated with RVMI is worse in the short term, compared to non-RVMI, but those patients who survive hospitalization have a relatively good long-term prognosis.
- Right ventricle
- myocardial infarction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine