Adaptation of digital navigation training for integrated behavioral health providers: Interview and survey study

Margaret R. Emerson, Danae Dinkel, Shinobu Watanabe-Galloway, John Torous, David J. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Despite effective treatment options, people who experience mental health conditions often do not receive needed care. E-mental health, for instance the use of mobile apps, is emerging as a way to increase access to and extend care. However, little formal training is available to increase the digital literacy level among behavioral healthcare providers (BHPs), seeking to employ such technology. The purpose of this study was to explore the acceptability and usability of an adapted in-person Digital Navigation Training (DNT) curriculum into e-Learning modules focused on the integrated environment for BHPs. BHP confidence to serve as digital navigators was also explored. E-Learning modules were adapted from an existing in-person DNT. A purposeful sampling strategy was used to recruit BHPs (n = 8) to complete the modules. Acceptability, usability, and confidence were assessed via survey and semi-structured interviews. Descriptive statistics were calculated for survey data and qualitative data were analyzed using a directed content analysis approach. BHPs who completed the training (n = 8) felt the modules were usable, enjoyed the structure, and felt the amount of time to complete the modules was acceptable. All participants thought the structure of the training worked well and enjoyed learning new information. While participants’ confidence in their digital navigation skills increased, they desired more information and/or experience with screening apps prior to increasing their use of apps within their care. E-Learning modules were an acceptable method of educating BHPs with digital navigation skills. Future research is needed to explore incentives needed for training along with if participating in these modules can increase use of quality mobile apps to augment care within BHP treatment plans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)612-623
Number of pages12
JournalTranslational behavioral medicine
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2023


  • Digital Navigation Training
  • E-Mental Health
  • E-learning
  • Integrated care
  • Mental health
  • Mobile apps

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


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