Adaptive management

Craig R. Allen, Ahjond S. Garmestani

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

8 Scopus citations


Adaptive management is an approach to natural resource management that emphasizes learning through management where knowledge is incomplete, and when, despite inherent uncertainty, managers and policymakers must act. Unlike a traditional trial and error approach, adaptive management has explicit structure, including a careful elucidation of goals, identification of alternative management objectives and hypotheses of causation, and procedures for the collection of data followed by evaluation and reiteration. The process is iterative, and serves to reduce uncertainty, build knowledge and improve management over time in a goal-oriented and structured process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAdaptive Management of Social-Ecological Systems
PublisherSpringer Netherlands
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9789401796828
ISBN (Print)9789401796811
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015


  • Adaptive management
  • Ecology
  • Natural resource management
  • Resilience
  • Uncertainty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)


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