Adaptive ultrasonic sensor using a fiber ring laser with tandem fiber Bragg gratings

Tongqing Liu, Lingling Hu, Ming Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


We propose and demonstrate an intensity-demodulated fiber-optic ultrasonic sensor system that can be selfadaptive to large quasi-static background strain perturbations. The sensor system is based on a fiber ring laser (FRL) whose laser cavity includes a pair of fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs). Self-adaptive ultrasonic detection is achieved by a tandem design where the two FBGs are engineered to have differential spectral responses to ultrasonic waves and are installed side-by-side at the same location on a structure. As a result, ultrasonic waves lead to relative spectral shifts of the FBGs and modulations to the cold-cavity loss of the FRL. Ultrasonic waves can then be detected directly from the laser intensity variations in response to the cold-cavity loss modulation. The sensor system is insensitive to quasi-static background strains because they lead to identical responses of the tandem FBGs. Based on the principle, a FRL sensor system was demonstrated and tested for adaptive ultrasonic detection when large static strains as well as dynamic sinusoidal vibrations were applied to the sensor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4462-4465
Number of pages4
JournalOptics Letters
Issue number15
StatePublished - Aug 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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