Addressing healthcare disparities and managed care considerations with continuous glucose monitoring

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


About 37 million people in the United States have diabetes. Diabetes-related complications are costly and associated with substantial morbidity. By improving glucose control, continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) can reduce costs due to diabetes-related hospitalizations, hypoglycemia, and diabetic ketoacidosis. However, people of color and low socioeconomic status, populations with disproportionately high prevalence of diabetes, face significant inequity in accessing CGM technology. Potential reasons for CGM inequity include implicit bias and differences in coverage between commercial and government insurance. Recent changes to Medicare CGM eligibility criteria have eliminated blood glucose monitoring requirements. However, cost and CGM coverage requirements remain as barriers to the recommended use of this technology as defined in current clinical practice guidelines. Coverage expansion from durable medical equipment to the pharmacy benefit may improve access. Other strategies to optimize CGM utility overall include integrating CGM data directly into electronic health records for population health management and diabetes control performance measures based on CGM data in value-based contracts (VBCs). VBCs may encourage real-world data generation which in turn may bolster stakeholder support for the equitable use and coverage of CGM in diabetes management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S76-S84
JournalThe American journal of managed care
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy


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