Adenosine uptake and [3H]nitrobenzylthioinosine binding in developing rat brain

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15 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ontogenesis of adenosine tranport sites as labelled with [3H]nitrobenzylthioinosine ([3H]NBI) was examined using radioligand binding and membrane preparations from whole brain and 4 brain regions of rats between the postnatal ages of one day through to adulthood. In whole brain, cerebral cortex and cerebellum, [3H]NBI binding was two-fold higher in 6-day-old than in 50-day-old rats. In contrast, [3H]NBI binding was higher in adults than in one-day-old rats by 4-fold in hypothalamus and 8-fold in superior colliculus. In cortex and hypothalamus, the levels of [3H]NBI binding in newborn and adult rats were reflected by changes in Bmax and not Kd values. As a measure of the utility of [3H]NBI as a probe for identifying functional adenosine transport sites, we examined [3H]NBI binding to and [3Hadenosine accumulation by intact brain cells prepared from adult and newborn rats. For [3H]NBI binding to brain cells from adult rats, the values of Knd were 0.092 nM and of Kmax were 274 fmol/mg protein. For newborns, slightly higher Kd and Bmax values were observed: 0.2 nM and 395 fmol/mg protein, respectively. [3H]Adenosine accumulation was higher in brain cells from one-day-old from adult rat brains. Kinetically this uptake was best described by a two-component model: the Vmax values for the high low-affinity uptake, and the Km value for the high-affinity component in one-day-old rats were greater than in adults. These results are consistnt with the increased demand for purines in rapidly dividing cells and the concept that [3H]NBI, at least in some tissues and for some purposes,is a useful marker substance for adenosine uptake sites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)265-272
Number of pages8
JournalBrain Research
Volume436
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 1987

Keywords

  • Adenosine deaminase
  • Adenosine uptake
  • Brain
  • Nitrobenzylthioinosine
  • Ontogeny

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

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