Adhesion between steel slag aggregates and bituminous binder based on surface characteristics and mixture moisture resistance

Bárbara Luiza Riz de Moura, Jamilla Emi Sudo Lutif Teixeira, Renata Antoun Simão, Mahdieh Khedmati, Yong Rak Kim, Patrício José Moreira Pires

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Steel slag aggregates (SSA) have shown promising mechanical and physical properties for asphalt concrete application. However, SSA surface characteristics vary depending on the type of slag, which results in different binder-SSA adhesion that affects moisture damage of asphalt mixtures containing SSA. This study evaluated the adhesion in the binder-SSA system considering two typical types of slags (i.e. air-cooled blast furnace slag (ACBFS) and Linz-Donawitz steel slag (LD)) using various tests: morphological, physical, chemical, and surface energy measurements. Also, the moisture damage susceptibility of asphalt mixtures containing SSA were assessed based on two standard methods: ASTM D3625 and AASHTO T283. Test results showed strong influence of the SSA chemical composition and surface energy characteristics on the SSA-binder adhesion. LD showed a better adhesion with the asphalt binder than ACBFS due to its particular chemical and surface energy characteristics. The diminished adhesive bonding from ACBFS could be improved with proper surface treatment using additives such as hydrated lime and electrostatic precipitator powder, which change surface chemistry of ACBFS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number120685
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Volume264
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 20 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adhesion
  • Blast furnace slag
  • Moisture damage
  • Steel slag
  • Surface energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Adhesion between steel slag aggregates and bituminous binder based on surface characteristics and mixture moisture resistance'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this