Adsorption kinetic and thermodynamic studies of silk dyed with sodium copper chlorophyllin

Xiuliang Hou, Ruiling Yang, Helan Xu, Yiqi Yang

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41 Scopus citations


In this study, silk was dyed into a bright green shade with a natural dye derivative, sodium copper chlorophyllin (SCC). Kinetics and thermodynamics of SCC adsorption on silk in dye bath with and without sodium chloride at different temperatures were investigated. The pseudo second-order kinetic model fitted experimental data well. Addition of sodium chloride increased SCC adsorption at equilibrium q e, increased the diffusion coefficient D and decreased the half dyeing time t 1/2. The Langmuir isotherm agreed well with a high correlation coefficient (R 2 > 0.99) for dyeing temperatures of 70, 80, and 90 °C with SCC concentration varying from 0.1 to 2.9 g/L. The thermodynamic parameters of SCC adsorption with and without sodium chloride showed significant difference. The adsorption affinity (-δμ°) and enthalpy change (δH°) of SCC dye on silk indicated that the adsorption is a spontaneous and exothermic process. SCC could be a good candidate as a natural green dye for protein fibers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8341-8347
Number of pages7
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Issue number25
StatePublished - Jun 27 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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