Amplified fragment length polymorphisms (AFLPs) are polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based markers for the rapid screening of genetic diversity. AFLP methods rapidly generate hundreds of highly replicable markers from DNA of any organism; thus, they allow high-resolution genotyping of fingerprinting quality. The time and cost efficiency, replicability and resolution of AFLPs are superior or equal to those of other markers [allozymes, random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD), restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP), microsatellites], except that AFLP methods primarily generate dominant rather than co- dominant markers. Because of their high replicability and ease of use, AFLP markers have emerged as a major new type of genetic marker with broad application in systematics, pathotyping, population genetics, DNA fingerprinting and quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics