Subsets of CD4+ T cells originally identified functionally as suppressor-inducer and helper-inducer populations have recently been reinterpreted as naive and memory maturational states. The subsets can be identified by the surface expression of CD45R and CDw29, respectively. Using two-color flow cytometric analysis, we measured these CD4+ T cell subsets in two samples of cord blood and in 26 healthy children between the ages of 1 and 19 years. As has been reported by others, we observed that the majority of CD4+ T cells in cord blood consist predominantly of the CD45R+ subset. With aging we could demonstrate a gradual acquisition of CDw29+, CD4+ T cells and a concomitant gradual decrease in the percentage of CD45R+, CD4+ T cells. These age-related changes are consistent with the concept of naive (CD45R+) and memory (CDw29+) subsets. Further, because of the dynamic changes, their utilization as prognostic indicators in immunologic disease states cannot be applied to children in the same manner as adults.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine