Altered stress field of the human lens capsule after cataract surgery

Caleb C. Berggren, Kurt A. Ameku, Ryan M. Pedrigi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The lens capsule of the eye is important in focusing light onto the retina during the process of accommodation and, in later life, housing a prosthetic lens implanted during cataract surgery. Though considerable modeling work has characterized the mechanics of accommodation, little has been done to understand the mechanics of the lens capsule after cataract surgery. As such, we present the first 3-D finite element model of the post-surgical human lens capsule with an implanted tension ring and, separately, an intraocular lens to characterize the altered stress field compared to that in a model of the native lens capsule. All finite element models employed a Holzapfel hyperelastic constitutive model with regional variations in anisotropy. The post-surgical lens capsule demonstrated a dramatic perturbation to the stress field with mostly large reductions in stresses (except at the equator where the implant contacts the capsule) compared to native, wherein maximal changes in Cauchy stress were −100% and −145% for the tension ring and intraocular lens, respectively. However, implantation of the tension ring produced a more uniform stress field compared to the IOL. The magnitudes and distribution of the perturbed stress field may be an important driver of the fibrotic response of inhabiting lens epithelial cells and associated lens capsule remodeling after cataract surgery. Thus, the mechanical effects of an implant on the lens capsule could be an essential consideration in the design of intraocular lenses, particularly those with an accommodative feature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number110127
JournalJournal of Biomechanics
Volume115
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 22 2021

Keywords

  • Biomechanics
  • Computational modeling
  • Hyperelasticity
  • Intraocular lens
  • Lens capsule

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Rehabilitation

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