Amatoxins and phallotoxins in indigenous and introduced South African Amanita species

H. E. Hallen, G. C. Adams, A. Eicker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations


The production of lethal amatoxins and phallotoxins in species of Amanita from South Africa was investigated by HPLC (High Performance Liquid Chromotography) analyses. The indigenous mushrooms Amanita foetidissima and A. pleropus tested negative for production of these toxins. Several introduced species were analysed; of these, A. phalloides var. phalloides, A. phalloides f. alba and A. reidii contained amatoxins and phallotoxins. Despite reports of rapid degradation of phallotoxins upon drying, phallotoxins and amatoxins were both readily detectable in dried herbarium specimens up to 17 years old. Previous reports of phallotoxins in A. rubescens were not substantiated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)322-326
Number of pages5
JournalSouth African Journal of Botany
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2002


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

Cite this