Despite surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy treatments, the children, adolescents, and young adults who are diagnosed with metastasized Ewing sarcoma face a dismal prognosis. Amyloid precursor-like protein 2 (APLP2) has recently been implicated in the survival of cancer cells and in our current study, APLP2's contribution to the survival of Ewing sarcoma cells was examined. APLP2 was readily detected in all Ewing sarcoma cell lines analyzed by western blotting, with the TC71 Ewing sarcoma cells expressing the lowest level of APLP2 among the lines. While irradiation induces apoptosis in TC71 Ewing sarcoma cells (as we determined by quantifying the proportion of cells in the sub-G 1 population), transfection of additional APLP2 into TC71 decreased irradiation-induced apoptosis. Consistent with these findings, in parallel studies, we noted that isolates of the TC71 cell line that survived co-culture with lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells (which kill by inducing apoptosis in target cells) displayed increased expression of APLP2, in addition to smaller sub-G1 cell populations after irradiation. Together, these findings suggest that APLP2 lowers the sensitivity of Ewing sarcoma cells to radiotherapy-induced apoptosis and that APLP2 expression is increased in Ewing sarcoma cells able to survive exposure to cytotoxic immune cells.
- Amyloid precursor-like protein 2
- Ewing sarcoma
- Immune evasion
- Lymphokine-activated killer cell
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Cancer Research