An affective-motivational model of marijuana and alcohol problems among college students

Jeffrey S. Simons, Raluca M. Gaher, Christopher J. Correia, Christopher L. Hansen, Michael S. Christopher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

239 Scopus citations

Abstract

The study examined models of marijuana (n = 309) and alcohol (n = 731) problems. Impulsivity was directly associated with both marijuana- and alcohol-related problems. Negative mood regulation expectancies were indirectly associated with marijuana problems through coping motives. Sensation seeking was indirectly associated with alcohol problems through enhancement motives. Affect lability and negative affect were indirectly associated with alcohol problems though coping motives. In both models, coping motives were directly associated with use-related problems. A multigroup analysis indicated that the association between negative affect and coping motives as well as use and problems was stronger among participants using both alcohol and marijuana relative to alcohol only. Enhancement motives were a stronger predictor of alcohol use among participants using alcohol only.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)326-334
Number of pages9
JournalPsychology of Addictive Behaviors
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Affect regulation
  • Alcohol
  • Marijuana
  • Motives
  • Substance use problems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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