An effect of temporal asymmetry on loudness

G. Christopher Stecker, Ervin R. Hafter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

73 Scopus citations


A set of experiments was conducted to examine the loudness of sounds with temporally asymmetric amplitude envelopes. Envelopes were generated with fast-attack/slow-decay characteristics to produce F-S (or 'fast-slow') stimuli, while temporally reversed versions of these same envelopes produced corresponding S-F ('slow-fast') stimuli. For sinusoidal (330-6000 Hz) and broadband noise carriers, S-F stimuli were louder than F-S stimuli of equal energy. The magnitude of this effect was sensitive to stimulus order, with the largest differences between F-S and S-F loudness occurring after exposure to a preceding F-S stimulus. These results are not compatible with automatic gain control, power-spectrum models of loudness, or predictions obtained using the auditory image model [Patterson et al., J. Acoust. Soc. 98, 1890- 1894 (1995)]. Rather, they are comparable to phenomena of perceptual constancy, and may be related to the parsing of auditory input into direct and reverberant sound.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3358-3368
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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